Sulfur is an odorless, tasteless, light yellow solid. It is a reactive element that given favorable circumstances combines with all other elements except gases, gold, and platinum. It is insoluble in water, but soluble in carbon disulfide. It burns with a blue flame, oxidizing to sulfur dioxide.


Production of sulfuric acid Sulfur’s main commercial use is as a reactant in the production of sulfuric acid (H2SO4). Sulfuric acid is the industrialized world’s number one bulk chemical, required in large quantities in lead-acid batteries for automotive use. Fertilizer Sulfur is increasingly used as a component of fertilizers. The most important form of sulfur for fertilizer is the mineral calcium sulfate. Fungicide and pesticide sulfur is one of the oldest fungicides and pesticides. "Dusting sulfur", sulfur in powdered form, is a common fungicide for grapes, strawberry, many vegetables and several other crops. It has a good efficacy against a wide range of powdery mildew diseases as well as black spot. Vulcanization of natural rubber Sulfur is also used in the vulcanization of natural rubber, as a fungicide, in black gunpowder, in detergents and in the manufacture of phosphate fertilizers.